· List of Kentucky railroads
· Baltimore and Ohio Railroad
The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (reporting marks B&O, BO) was the first common carrier railroad and the oldest railroad in the United States, with its first section opening in 1830. Merchants from Baltimore, which had benefited to some extent from the construction of the National Road early in the century, wanted to do business with settlers crossing the Appalachian Mountains. The railroad faced competition from several existing and proposed enterprises, including the Albany-Schenectady Turnpike, built in 1797, the Erie Canal, which opened in 1825, and the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal. At first, the B&O was located entirely in the state of Maryland; its original line extending from the port of Baltimore west to Sandy Hook, Maryland, opened in 1834. There it connected with Harper's Ferry, first by boat, then by the Wager Bridge, across the Potomac River into Virginia, and also with the navigable Shenandoah River.
· Burlington Northern Railroad
· Camden Interstate Railway
· Carolina, Clinchfield and Ohio Railway
· Charleston, Cincinnati and Chicago Railroad
The Charleston, Cincinnati and Chicago Railroad, informally known as the Triple C, was a Southeastern railroad that operated in the late 19th century.
The company was formed in 1886 with the idea of extending a rail line from Charleston, South Carolina, to Ashland, Kentucky, in an effort to mine coal and iron ore found in the Appalachians. Construction began at Rutherfordton, North Carolina, with rails being laid both north and south.
In 1890, major investor Baker Brothers & Co. failed and a court-appointed receiver was ordered for the Charleston, Cincinnati and Chicago. Three years later, the line was sold to its bondholders and a new corporation was established: The Ohio River and Charleston Railway.
· Chesapeake and Ohio Railway
· Chesapeake, Ohio and Southwestern Railroad
· Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad
· Chicago, Indianapolis and Louisville Railway
· Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Railroad
· Chicago, Memphis and Gulf Railroad
· Chicago, St. Louis and New Orleans Railroad
· Cincinnati, Lexington and East Tennessee Railroad
· The Cincinnati, New Orleans and Texas Pacific Railway (abbreviated: CNO&TP; (reporting mark CNTP)) is a railroad that runs from Cincinnati, Ohio, south to Chattanooga, Tennessee, forming part of the Norfolk Southern Railway system.
· The physical assets of the road were initially financed by the city of Cincinnati in the 1870s, and are still owned by the city. It is the only such long-distance railway owned by a municipality in the United States. The CNO&TP continues to lease that property and operates one rail line, the Cincinnati Southern Railway, between Cincinnati and Chattanooga.
· Clinchfield Northern Railway of Kentucky
The Clinchfield Railroad (reporting mark CRR) was an operating and holding company for the Carolina, Clinchfield and Ohio Railway (reporting mark CCO). The line ran from the coalfields of Virginia and Elkhorn City, Kentucky, to the textile mills of South Carolina. The 35-mile segment from Dante, Virginia, to Elkhorn City, opening up the coal lands north of Sandy Ridge Mountains and forming a connection with the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway at Elkhorn City, was completed in 1915.
· Clinchfield Railroad
· Covington and Cincinnati Elevated Railroad and Transfer and Bridge Company
· Covington and Cincinnati Pier Bridge Company
· East Tennessee, Virginia and Georgia Railway
· Eastern Kentucky Railway
· Elizabethtown and Paducah Railroad
· Elkhorn Southern Railway
· Evansville, Owensboro and Nashville Railroad
· Frankfort and Cincinnati Railroad
· The Frankfort and Cincinnati Railroad is a defunct shortline railroad based in Kentucky. Despite its name, it had no connections with Cincinnati, Ohio.
· The Frankfort and Cincinnati Railroad ran between Frankfort, Kentucky, and Paris, Kentucky, with a major stop in Georgetown, Kentucky; a distance of 40 miles (64 km). It was at Georgetown that it crossed the Southern Railway.
· Frankfort and Cincinnati Railway
The Frankfort and Cincinnati Railroad is a defunct shortline railroad based in Kentucky. Despite its name, it had no connections with Cincinnati, Ohio.
The Frankfort and Cincinnati Railroad ran between Frankfort, Kentucky, and Paris, Kentucky, with a major stop in Georgetown, Kentucky; a distance of 40 miles (64 km). It was at Georgetown that it crossed the Southern Railway. Early days The Frankfort and Cincinnati Railroad was originally known as the Kentucky Midland Railway. Construction of the route began at Frankfort in the early months of 1888, and reached Georgetown in June 1889, and Paris in January 1890. Some of the route laid upon the Buffalo Trace. The total cost of the construction was over $500,000. Its name changed to the Frankfort and Cincinnati Railroad in 1899. There were efforts to extend the route to Mount Sterling, Kentucky, and Alton, Kentucky, but it never happened. The total length of the railroad was 40.8 miles (65.7 km). When it started, the Frankfort and Cincinnati Railroad had "serious financial reverses" before it even laid its first piece of rail. It even went into receivership in 1894. But by 1899 it was touted as a major factor in the stimulation of Frankfort's 1890s growth. The route between Georgetown and Paris helped distribute the local fine Bourbon whiskey to markets. On October 28, 1909, the F&C was almost purchased by the Louisville and Nashville Railroad (L&N), but the Kentucky Railroad Commission objected and the sale was annulled on April 22, 1912. In January 1927 the railroad was sold in public auction, with its owners a collection of citizens of Frankfort and Lexington, Kentucky. End of the railroad On December 31, 1952, the Frankfort and Cincinnati Railroad abandoned passenger service, as the advent of wide-scale automobile usage made passenger trains unprofitable. The Cardinal broke an axle on Christmas Eve, and for the last week of passenger service the F&C Superintendent A.E. Parker used his own sedan to transport what few passengers the F&C still had from Frankfort to Paris. In 1961 the company was purchased by Pinsly Railroad Company group of shortlines. The line between Georgetown and Paris was abandoned by the F&C in 1967; pressure by bourbon manufacturers kept the rest of the line active. The Interstate Commerce Commission allowed the F&C to abandon more of the line, reducing the line to Frankfort to Elsinore, Kentucky.
The railroad had shrunk so much that by 1984, it did not own any freight cars, and maintained only one interchange at Frankfort with the L&N. A trestle bridge was damaged by a derailment in 1985, and the F&C could not afford to fix the bridge, leaving the F&C to close. By 1987 all the rails of the F&C were removed. The Cardinal was eventually placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1998. It is currently at the Kentucky Railway Museum in New Haven, Kentucky.
· Gulf, Mobile and Northern Railroad
· Gulf, Mobile and Ohio Railroad
· Hardin Southern Railroad
· Illinois Central Gulf Railroad
· Illinois Central Railroad
· Indiana Hi-Rail Corporation
· Knoxville, Cumberland Gap and Louisville Railroad
The Lexington and Ohio Railroad was the first railroad in the U.S. Commonwealth of Kentucky. Its charter proposed the establishment of a link between Lexington in the center of the Bluegrass Region to the river port of Louisville at the Falls of the Ohio by way of Frankfort, the state capital. The line was never completed and the Panic of 1837 led to its complete collapse. The Commonwealth seized the railroad in payment of its debts in 1840.
The rights-of-way of the former L&O were later purchased and utilized by the Louisville & Frankfort and Lexington & Frankfort railroads, which subsequently merged into the Louisville, Cincinnati and Lexington Railroad.
· Lexington and Ohio Railroad (1996–2003)
· Lexington and Danville Railroad
· Lexington and Ohio Railroad
· Lexington and Southern Kentucky Railroad
· Louisville and Southwestern Railway
· Louisville and Frankfort Railroad
The Louisville and Frankfort Railroad (L&F) was a 19th-century railroad in the U.S. state of Kentucky. Following the 1840 failure of the Lexington and Ohio Railroad, which had only ever managed to connect Louisville with nearby Portland, area businessmen met for years before organizing a new railroad in March 1847. The Louisville and Frankfort was chartered to connect the Ohio port to the state capital, as well as Lexington with any points east. The stretch between the capital and Lexington itself was left for the Lexington and Frankfort, chartered the next year. After purchasing the L&O's rights-of-way west from Frankfort from the Commonwealth, the Louisville and Frankfort issued stock and raised $800,000 from the City of Louisville. Surveys directed by Col. Stephen H. Long of the U.S. Topographical Engineers selected a new route, employing some but not all of the stretches previously graded by the Lexington and Ohio. The rails for the road were purchased in London, England, and shipped upriver from New Orleans. Construction began in March 1849, heading east from Louisville. The one-story brick passenger station, train shed, freight shed, and roundhouse were all located at Brook and Jefferson Streets. Near Cherokee Gardens in Louisville, the line ran adjacent to present-day Frankfort Avenue.
On February 6, 1850, the company held a special round trip to LaGrange for the board of directors and their guests. All the initial track was laid by the spring of 1851 and the completion of a bridge over the Kentucky River near Frankfort permitted the first service along the entire mainline in August. In 1852, the L&F was connected to the completed Lexington and Frankfort mainline and initiated twice-daily service to Lexington. Connection there to the Covington and Lexington Railroad then permitted travel to Cincinnati's Kentucky suburbs.
The L&F and Lexington and Frankfort merged their management and operations on January 1, 1857, and then fully merged as the Louisville, Cincinnati and Lexington Railroad in 1867. The LC&L later made up part of the L&N. Its rights of way now make up part of the CSX Transportation network.
· Louisville and Interurban Railroad
· Louisville and Jeffersonville Bridge Company
· The Big Four Bridge is a six-span former railroad truss bridge that crosses the Ohio River, connecting Louisville, Kentucky, and Jeffersonville, Indiana. It was completed in 1895, and updated in 1929. The largest single span is 547 feet (167 m), with the entire bridge spanning 2,525 feet (770 m). It took its name from the defunct Cleveland, Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis Railway, which was nicknamed the "Big Four Railroad". It is now a converted pedestrian and bicycle bridge from Louisville into Jeffersonville, Indiana.
· Louisville and Jeffersonville Bridge and Railroad Company
· Louisville and Nashville Railroad
· Louisville Railway
· Louisville Southern Railroad
· Louisville, Cincinnati and Lexington Railroad
· Louisville, Cincinnati and Lexington Railway
· Louisville, Harrods Creek and Westport Railroad
· Louisville, Harrods Creek and Westport Railway
· Louisville, Harrodsburg and Virginia Railroad
· Louisville, New Albany and Chicago Railway
· Louisville, Paducah and Southwestern Railroad
· Mammoth Cave Railroad
Mammoth Cave Railroad ("Dinkey Train") was a short rail line with a small train off the Louisville and Nashville Railroad (L&N) that went to Mammoth Caves in Kentucky. The tiny 9-mile (14 km) railroad from Glasgow Junction (Park City) to Mammoth Caves was started in 1886 and operated for 45 years. The complete Dinkey Train consisted only of a "dummy" 0-4-2T type steam locomotive and a wooden coach to carry passengers and their luggage. Among the many stops on the way to Mammoth Caves were Diamond Caverns, Grand Avenue Cave, Procter Cave and Hotel, Chaumont Post Office, Union City, Sloan's Crossing, and Ganter's Hotel. The Dinkey Train could obtain speeds of 25–35 miles per hour on the lightweight rails.
· Maysville and Lexington Railroad
· Maysville and Lexington Railroad, North Division
· Maysville and Lexington Railroad, Northern Division
· Maysville and Lexington Railroad, Southern Division
· The Milwaukee Road, Inc.
· Mississippi Central Railroad (1852–74)
· Mobile and Ohio Railroad
· Monon Railroad
· Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad
· Nashville, Chattanooga and St. Louis Railway
· Nashville and Clarksville Railroad
· New Orleans and Ohio Railroad
· Newport and Cincinnati Bridge Company
· Norfolk and Western Railway
· Ohio and Kentucky Bridge Company
· Ohio Valley Electric Railway
· Owensboro and Nashville Railroad
· Owensboro and Nashville Railway
· Owensboro and Russellville Railroad
· Paducah and Elizabethtown Railroad
· Paducah, Tennessee and Alabama Railroad
· Penn Central Transportation Company
· Pennsylvania Railroad
· Rockcastle River Railway
· Seaboard System Railroad
· Shelby Railroad
· Soo Line Railroad
· South and Western Railroad
· South and Western Railway
· Southern Railway (U.S.)
· Southwestern Railroad (Kentucky)
· Tennessee Central Railroad
· Tennessee Central Railway
· Tradewater Railway
· Versailles and Midway Railway
The Versailles and Midway Railway was a 19th-century railway company in the U.S. state of Kentucky. It operated from 1884 until 1889, when it was incorporated into the Louisville Southern Railroad. It later made up part of the Southern Railway and its former rights-of-way currently form parts of the class-I Norfolk Southern system.
· Woodford Railroad
The Woodford Railroad was a 19th-century railway company in the U.S. state of Kentucky. It operated from 1871 until 1889, when it was incorporated into the Louisville Southern Railroad. It later made up part of the Southern Railway and its former rights-of-way currently form parts of the class-I Norfolk Southern system.